mlflow.gluon

mlflow.gluon.autolog(log_models=True, disable=False, exclusive=False, disable_for_unsupported_versions=False, silent=False, registered_model_name=None)[source]

Note

Autologging is known to be compatible with the following package versions: 1.5.1 <= mxnet <= 1.9.1. Autologging may not succeed when used with package versions outside of this range.

Enables (or disables) and configures autologging from Gluon to MLflow. Logs loss and any other metrics specified in the fit function, and optimizer data as parameters. Model checkpoints are logged as artifacts to a ‘models’ directory.

Parameters
  • log_models – If True, trained models are logged as MLflow model artifacts. If False, trained models are not logged.

  • disable – If True, disables the MXNet Gluon autologging integration. If False, enables the MXNet Gluon autologging integration.

  • exclusive – If True, autologged content is not logged to user-created fluent runs. If False, autologged content is logged to the active fluent run, which may be user-created.

  • disable_for_unsupported_versions – If True, disable autologging for versions of gluon that have not been tested against this version of the MLflow client or are incompatible.

  • silent – If True, suppress all event logs and warnings from MLflow during MXNet Gluon autologging. If False, show all events and warnings during MXNet Gluon autologging.

  • registered_model_name – If given, each time a model is trained, it is registered as a new model version of the registered model with this name. The registered model is created if it does not already exist.

mlflow.gluon.get_default_conda_env()[source]
Returns

The default Conda environment for MLflow Models produced by calls to save_model() and log_model().

mlflow.gluon.get_default_pip_requirements()[source]
Returns

A list of default pip requirements for MLflow Models produced by this flavor. Calls to save_model() and log_model() produce a pip environment that, at minimum, contains these requirements.

mlflow.gluon.load_model(model_uri, ctx, dst_path=None)[source]

Load a Gluon model from a local file or a run.

Parameters
  • model_uri

    The location, in URI format, of the MLflow model. For example:

    • /Users/me/path/to/local/model

    • relative/path/to/local/model

    • s3://my_bucket/path/to/model

    • runs:/<mlflow_run_id>/run-relative/path/to/model

    • models:/<model_name>/<model_version>

    • models:/<model_name>/<stage>

    For more information about supported URI schemes, see Referencing Artifacts.

  • ctx – Either CPU or GPU.

  • dst_path – The local filesystem path to which to download the model artifact. This directory must already exist. If unspecified, a local output path will be created.

Returns

A Gluon model instance.

Example
# Load persisted model as a Gluon model, make inferences against an NDArray
model = mlflow.gluon.load_model("runs:/" + gluon_random_data_run.info.run_id + "/model")
model(nd.array(np.random.rand(1000, 1, 32)))
mlflow.gluon.log_model(gluon_model, artifact_path, conda_env=None, code_paths=None, registered_model_name=None, signature: Optional[mlflow.models.signature.ModelSignature] = None, input_example: Optional[Union[pandas.core.frame.DataFrame, numpy.ndarray, dict, list, scipy.sparse.csr.csr_matrix, scipy.sparse.csc.csc_matrix]] = None, pip_requirements=None, extra_pip_requirements=None)[source]

Log a Gluon model as an MLflow artifact for the current run.

Parameters
  • gluon_model – Gluon model to be saved. Must be already hybridized.

  • artifact_path – Run-relative artifact path.

  • conda_env

    Either a dictionary representation of a Conda environment or the path to a conda environment yaml file. If provided, this describes the environment this model should be run in. At minimum, it should specify the dependencies contained in get_default_conda_env(). If None, a conda environment with pip requirements inferred by mlflow.models.infer_pip_requirements() is added to the model. If the requirement inference fails, it falls back to using get_default_pip_requirements(). pip requirements from conda_env are written to a pip requirements.txt file and the full conda environment is written to conda.yaml. The following is an example dictionary representation of a conda environment:

    {
        "name": "mlflow-env",
        "channels": ["conda-forge"],
        "dependencies": [
            "python=3.7.0",
            {
                "pip": [
                    "mxnet==x.y.z"
                ],
            },
        ],
    }
    

  • code_paths – A list of local filesystem paths to Python file dependencies (or directories containing file dependencies). These files are prepended to the system path when the model is loaded.

  • registered_model_name – If given, create a model version under registered_model_name, also creating a registered model if one with the given name does not exist.

  • signature

    ModelSignature describes model input and output Schema. The model signature can be inferred from datasets with valid model input (e.g. the training dataset with target column omitted) and valid model output (e.g. model predictions generated on the training dataset), for example:

    from mlflow.models.signature import infer_signature
    train = df.drop_column("target_label")
    predictions = ... # compute model predictions
    signature = infer_signature(train, predictions)
    

  • input_example – Input example provides one or several instances of valid model input. The example can be used as a hint of what data to feed the model. The given example can be a Pandas DataFrame where the given example will be serialized to json using the Pandas split-oriented format, or a numpy array where the example will be serialized to json by converting it to a list. Bytes are base64-encoded.

  • pip_requirements – Either an iterable of pip requirement strings (e.g. ["mxnet", "-r requirements.txt", "-c constraints.txt"]) or the string path to a pip requirements file on the local filesystem (e.g. "requirements.txt"). If provided, this describes the environment this model should be run in. If None, a default list of requirements is inferred by mlflow.models.infer_pip_requirements() from the current software environment. If the requirement inference fails, it falls back to using get_default_pip_requirements(). Both requirements and constraints are automatically parsed and written to requirements.txt and constraints.txt files, respectively, and stored as part of the model. Requirements are also written to the pip section of the model’s conda environment (conda.yaml) file.

  • extra_pip_requirements

    Either an iterable of pip requirement strings (e.g. ["pandas", "-r requirements.txt", "-c constraints.txt"]) or the string path to a pip requirements file on the local filesystem (e.g. "requirements.txt"). If provided, this describes additional pip requirements that are appended to a default set of pip requirements generated automatically based on the user’s current software environment. Both requirements and constraints are automatically parsed and written to requirements.txt and constraints.txt files, respectively, and stored as part of the model. Requirements are also written to the pip section of the model’s conda environment (conda.yaml) file.

    Warning

    The following arguments can’t be specified at the same time:

    • conda_env

    • pip_requirements

    • extra_pip_requirements

    This example demonstrates how to specify pip requirements using pip_requirements and extra_pip_requirements.

Returns

A ModelInfo instance that contains the metadata of the logged model.

Example
from mxnet.gluon import Trainer
from mxnet.gluon.contrib import estimator
from mxnet.gluon.loss import SoftmaxCrossEntropyLoss
from mxnet.gluon.nn import HybridSequential
from mxnet.metric import Accuracy
import mlflow
# Build, compile, and train your model
net = HybridSequential()
with net.name_scope():
    ...
net.hybridize()
net.collect_params().initialize()
softmax_loss = SoftmaxCrossEntropyLoss()
trainer = Trainer(net.collect_params())
est = estimator.Estimator(net=net, loss=softmax_loss, metrics=Accuracy(), trainer=trainer)
# Log metrics and log the model
with mlflow.start_run():
    est.fit(train_data=train_data, epochs=100, val_data=validation_data)
    mlflow.gluon.log_model(net, "model")
mlflow.gluon.save_model(gluon_model, path, mlflow_model=None, conda_env=None, code_paths=None, signature: Optional[mlflow.models.signature.ModelSignature] = None, input_example: Optional[Union[pandas.core.frame.DataFrame, numpy.ndarray, dict, list, scipy.sparse.csr.csr_matrix, scipy.sparse.csc.csc_matrix]] = None, pip_requirements=None, extra_pip_requirements=None)[source]

Save a Gluon model to a path on the local file system.

Parameters
  • gluon_model – Gluon model to be saved. Must be already hybridized.

  • path – Local path where the model is to be saved.

  • mlflow_model – MLflow model config this flavor is being added to.

  • conda_env

    Either a dictionary representation of a Conda environment or the path to a conda environment yaml file. If provided, this describes the environment this model should be run in. At minimum, it should specify the dependencies contained in get_default_conda_env(). If None, a conda environment with pip requirements inferred by mlflow.models.infer_pip_requirements() is added to the model. If the requirement inference fails, it falls back to using get_default_pip_requirements(). pip requirements from conda_env are written to a pip requirements.txt file and the full conda environment is written to conda.yaml. The following is an example dictionary representation of a conda environment:

    {
        "name": "mlflow-env",
        "channels": ["conda-forge"],
        "dependencies": [
            "python=3.7.0",
            {
                "pip": [
                    "mxnet==x.y.z"
                ],
            },
        ],
    }
    

  • code_paths – A list of local filesystem paths to Python file dependencies (or directories containing file dependencies). These files are prepended to the system path when the model is loaded.

  • signature

    ModelSignature describes model input and output Schema. The model signature can be inferred from datasets with valid model input (e.g. the training dataset with target column omitted) and valid model output (e.g. model predictions generated on the training dataset), for example:

    from mlflow.models.signature import infer_signature
    train = df.drop_column("target_label")
    predictions = ... # compute model predictions
    signature = infer_signature(train, predictions)
    

  • input_example – Input example provides one or several instances of valid model input. The example can be used as a hint of what data to feed the model. The given example can be a Pandas DataFrame where the given example will be serialized to json using the Pandas split-oriented format, or a numpy array where the example will be serialized to json by converting it to a list. Bytes are base64-encoded.

  • pip_requirements – Either an iterable of pip requirement strings (e.g. ["mxnet", "-r requirements.txt", "-c constraints.txt"]) or the string path to a pip requirements file on the local filesystem (e.g. "requirements.txt"). If provided, this describes the environment this model should be run in. If None, a default list of requirements is inferred by mlflow.models.infer_pip_requirements() from the current software environment. If the requirement inference fails, it falls back to using get_default_pip_requirements(). Both requirements and constraints are automatically parsed and written to requirements.txt and constraints.txt files, respectively, and stored as part of the model. Requirements are also written to the pip section of the model’s conda environment (conda.yaml) file.

  • extra_pip_requirements

    Either an iterable of pip requirement strings (e.g. ["pandas", "-r requirements.txt", "-c constraints.txt"]) or the string path to a pip requirements file on the local filesystem (e.g. "requirements.txt"). If provided, this describes additional pip requirements that are appended to a default set of pip requirements generated automatically based on the user’s current software environment. Both requirements and constraints are automatically parsed and written to requirements.txt and constraints.txt files, respectively, and stored as part of the model. Requirements are also written to the pip section of the model’s conda environment (conda.yaml) file.

    Warning

    The following arguments can’t be specified at the same time:

    • conda_env

    • pip_requirements

    • extra_pip_requirements

    This example demonstrates how to specify pip requirements using pip_requirements and extra_pip_requirements.

Example
from mxnet.gluon import Trainer
from mxnet.gluon.contrib import estimator
from mxnet.gluon.loss import SoftmaxCrossEntropyLoss
from mxnet.gluon.nn import HybridSequential
from mxnet.metric import Accuracy
import mlflow
# Build, compile, and train your model
gluon_model_path = ...
net = HybridSequential()
with net.name_scope():
    ...
net.hybridize()
net.collect_params().initialize()
softmax_loss = SoftmaxCrossEntropyLoss()
trainer = Trainer(net.collect_params())
est = estimator.Estimator(net=net, loss=softmax_loss, metrics=Accuracy(), trainer=trainer)
est.fit(train_data=train_data, epochs=100, val_data=validation_data)
# Save the model as an MLflow Model
mlflow.gluon.save_model(net, gluon_model_path)